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Duo Mou Ni Mou v. Duo Mou Mie Mou ((2020) Hu 02 Xie Wai Ren No. 4)


Court Shanghai Second Intermediate People's Court

Case number

Date of the decision Aug 17, 2020

Court Level Intermediate People’s Court

Trial procedure First instance

Types of Litigation Civil Litigation

Type of cases Case

Topic(s) Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Judgements

Editor(s) C. J. Observer

On 17 Aug. 2010, the Shanghai Second Intermediate People’s Court (hereinafter “the Shanghai Second Intermediate Court”) rendered a rulinge to recognize and enforce the judgment made by the October District Court of Minsk City, the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter “the Belarusian Court”) (Duo Mou Ni Mou v. Duo Mou Mie Mou (2020) Hu 02 Xie Wai Ren No. 4 ((2020)沪02协外认4号.

I. Significance

This is the first time that a Shanghai court has accepted a case transferred by a foreign court according to the treaty, in which the foreign party applied for recognition and enforcement of a foreign judgment on alimony and child maintenance allowance.

II. Case Overview

The applicant, Duo Mou Ni Mou, is a citizen of Belarus, and the respondent, Duo Mou Mie Mou, is a Turkish citizen residing and working in Shanghai, China.

The applicant and the respondent, now divorced, were a married couple with a daughter. The applicant filed a lawsuit before the Belarusian Court, requesting the respondent to pay her alimony and child maintenance allowance.

The Belarusian Court made a judgments respectively on 12 Dec. 2018, which supported the applicant’s claims. However, the respondent failed to satisfy the judgments.

On 2 Apr. 2019, the applicant filed an application for recognition and enforcement of the aforementioned judgment with the Belarusian Court. The court then transferred the application to the Shanghai Second Intermediate Court pursuant to the Treaty between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Belarus on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和白俄罗斯共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约).

On 12 Mar. 2020, the Shanghai Second Intermediate Court admitted the applications and docketed the cases separately.

On 17 Aug. 2020, the Shanghai Second Intermediate Court rendered a ruling to recognize and enforce each of the two Belarusian judgments. The Chinese rulings have now entered into force.

It was further reported that the Shanghai Second Intermediate Court was responsible for enforcing the rulings and had served the respondent’s work unit with the Notice to Assist in Enforcement, notifying it to cooperate with the court in deducting the corresponding amount of money from the respondent’s monthly salary.

III. Our Comments

Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments under bilateral treaties is an important channel for judgment circulation, and at present, China has concluded treaties on civil judicial assistance with 35 countries that include the recognition and enforcement of court judgments. This is the first time where a Shanghai court has recognized and enforced a Belarusian judgment, and also the second time, after a lapse of 19 years since 2001, that Chinese courts have handled applications for enforcing Belarusian judgments.

It is worth noting that cases where applications for enforcing foreign judgments are transferred to a Chinese court by a foreign court are relatively rare. Previously, most of the reported cases were initiated before Chinese courts by the applicants themselves.

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