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Anti-Terrorism Law of China (2018)


Type of laws Law

Issuing body Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

Promulgating date Apr 27, 2018

Effective date Apr 27, 2018

Validity status Valid

Scope of application Nationwide

Topic(s) National Security

Editor(s) C. J. Observer

The Anti-Terrorism Law was promulgated in 2015 and amended in 2018 respectively. The latest revision entered into force on April 27, 2018.

There are 97 articles in total.

The key points are as follows:

1.The state shall combat all forms of terrorism and not make concession to any terrorist organization or individual, or offer asylum or give refugee status to any terrorist.

2.Terrorism” refers to the contention or behavior of creating social panic, endangering public safety, violating personal property, or threatening state organs or international organizations through violence, destruction, intimidation and other means, in order to realize the political, ideological or other purposes thereof.

3.The state shall establish a counterterrorism leading body to uniformly lead and command the national counterterrorism work.

4.All entities and individuals have the obligation to assist and cooperate with the relevant departments in counterterrorism work.

5.The People’s Republic of China shall exercise criminal jurisdiction over terrorist crimes committed against the nation, citizens or institutions of the People’s Republic of China outside the territory of the People’s Republic of China, or terrorist crimes constituted under international treaties that the People’s Republic of China has concluded or acceded to, and investigate criminal liabilities in accordance with the law.

6.Upon reaching an agreement with the relevant countries and reporting to the State Council for approval, the public security department and the national security department of the State Council may assign people to carry out counterterrorism tasks abroad. With the approval of the Central Military Commission, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army and the Chinese people’s armed police force may assign people to carry out counterterrorism tasks abroad.

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