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Fire Protection Law of China (2019)


Type of laws Law

Issuing body Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

Promulgating date Apr 23, 2019

Effective date Apr 23, 2019

Validity status Valid

Scope of application Nationwide

Topic(s) Disaster Law

Editor(s) C. J. Observer

The Fire Protection Law was promulgated in 1998, and amended in 2008 and 2019 respectively. The latest revision entered into force on April 23, 2019.

There are 74 articles in total.

The key points are as follows:

1.The emergency management authority of the State Council shall supervise and administer the fire protection work throughout the country.(Article 4)

2.Any entity or individual shall have the obligation to maintain the fire safety, protect fire protection facilities, prevent fire disasters and report fire alarms. Any entity or adult shall have the obligation to participate in the organized firefighting work. (Article 5)

3.The fire protection design or construction of a construction project must conform to the national fire protection technical standards for project construction. The employer, as well as the designing, construction, project supervision and other entities, shall be responsible for the quality of fire protection design and construction according to law.(Article 9)

4.The local people’s governments at and above the county level shall form national comprehensive fire and rescue departments or full-time fire brigades under the relevant provisions of the state, prepare fire protection equipment under the relevant national standards and shoulder the firefighting and rescue work in fire disasters.(Article 36)

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