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Law on Soil Pollution Prevention and Control of China (2018)


Type of laws Law

Issuing body Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

Promulgating date Aug 31, 2018

Effective date Jan 01, 2019

Validity status Valid

Scope of application Nationwide

Topic(s) Environmental Law

Editor(s) C. J. Observer

The Law on Soil Pollution Prevention and Control was promulgated in 2018 and entered into force on January 1, 2019.

There are 99 articles in total.

The key points are as follows:

1.The “soil pollution” means a phenomenon that a substance is caused to enter soil on the surface of earth by human, leading to the change in the chemical, physical, biological, and other characters of soil, affecting the functions and effective utilization of soil, jeopardizing public health or damaging the ecology and environment.

2 When holders of land use rights engage in land development and utilization, or enterprises, public institutions and other producers and business operators engage in production and business activities, they shall take effective measures to prevent and reduce soil pollution, and bear liability for the soil pollution caused.

3.The ecological and environmental department of the State Council shall establish the national standards for soil pollution risk control, and strengthen the construction of the system of standards for prevention and control of soil pollution.

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