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Organic Law of the Urban Residents Committees of China (2018)


Type of laws Law

Issuing body Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

Promulgating date Dec 29, 2018

Effective date Dec 29, 2018

Validity status Valid

Scope of application Nationwide

Topic(s) Constitutional Law

Editor(s) C. J. Observer

The Organic Law of the Urban Residents Committees of China was promulgated in 1989, and amended in 2018 respectively. The latest revision entered into force on December 29, 2018.

There are 23 articles in total.

The key points are as follows:

1.An urban residents committee shall be a mass organization for self-government at the grassroots level, in which the residents manage their own affairs, educate themselves, and serve their own needs.(Article 2)

2.A residents committee shall manage its own property.(Article 4)

3.A residents committee shall generally be established for an area inhabited by 100-700 households on the basis of the distribution of residents and on the principle of facilitating their self-government.(Article 6)

4.The chairman, vice-chairman (Article vice-chairmen) and members of a residents committee shall be elected by all the residents of a residential area who have the right to elect or by the representatives from all the households.(Article 8)

5.In making decisions, a residents committee shall apply the principle whereby the minority is subordinate to the majority.(Article 11)

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