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Law on Deputies to the National People's Congress and Local People's Congresses (2015)


Type of laws Law

Issuing body Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

Promulgating date Aug 29, 2015

Effective date Aug 29, 2015

Validity status Valid

Scope of application Nationwide

Topic(s) Constitutional Law

Editor(s) C. J. Observer

Law on Deputies to the National People’s Congress and Local People’s Congresses (2015) was promulgated in 1992 and amended in 2010 and 2015 respectively. The latest revision entered into force on August 29, 2015.

There are 52 articles in total.

The key points of this law are as follows:

1.Deputies to the National People’s Congress are component members of the highest organ of State power, and deputies to the local people’s congresses at various levels are component members of the organs of State power at the corresponding levels. (Article 2)

2.Deputies shall be entitled to the following rights mainly:

(1) Attending sessions;

(2) putting forward their opinions;

(3) Jointly submitting bills and proposals;

(4) Participating in all votes. (Article 3)

3.Deputies shall not be separate from their own production and work. (Article 5)

4.Deputies shall be subject to the supervision of the voters of the electoral districts or the electoral units that elected them. (Article 6)

5.The activities of deputies when the people’s congresses are not in session shall give priority to collective activities and take group activities of deputies as the basic form. (Article 20)

6.Deputies shall hold no legal liability for their speeches or votes at various meetings of the people’s congresses. (Article 31)

7.No deputy to a people’s congress at or above the county level may be arrested or placed on criminal trial without the consent of the Presidium of the people’s congress at the corresponding level, or without the consent of its standing committee when the people’s congress is not in session. (Article 32)

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