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Organization Law for Local People's Congresses and Local People's Governments (2015)


Type of laws Law

Issuing body Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

Promulgating date Aug 29, 2015

Effective date Aug 29, 2015

Validity status Valid

Scope of application Nationwide

Topic(s) Constitutional Law

Editor(s) C. J. Observer

Organization Law for Local People’s Congresses and Local People’s Governments (2015) was promulgated in 1979 and amended in 1982, 1986,1995, 2004 and 2015 respectively. The latest revision entered into force on August 29, 2015.

There are 69 articles in total.

The key points of this law are as follows:

1.Local people’s congresses at and above the county level shall exercise the following functions and powers mainly:

(1) elect the members of their respective standing committees;

(2) elect the chief and deputy leaders of government at the corresponding levels;

(3) elect the presidents of the people’s courts and the chief procurators of the people’s procuratorates at the corresponding levels;

(4) elect deputies to the people’s congresses at the next higher level. (Article 8)

2.Local people’s congresses at various levels shall meet in session at least once a year. A session of a local people’s congress may be convened at any time upon the proposal of one-fifth of its deputies. (Article 11)

3.When a local people’s congress conducts an election or adopts a resolution, a majority vote of all the deputies shall be required. (Article 20

4.The term of office for each local people’s congress shall be 5 years. (Article 6)

5.The term of office of the deputies to a local people’s congress at any level shall begin with the first session of that people’s congress and shall expire at the first session of the succeeding people’s congress at the same level. (Article 33)

6.Standing committees shall be established by the people’s congresses of provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government, autonomous prefectures, counties, autonomous counties, cities and municipal districts. (Article 34)

7.Meetings of a standing committee shall be convened by its chairman and held at least once every other month. (Article 45)

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