China Justice Observer


EnglishArabicChinese (Simplified)DutchFrenchGermanHindiItalianJapaneseKoreanPortugueseRussianSpanishSwedishHebrewIndonesianVietnameseThaiTurkishMalay

China Amends Civil Procedure Law with Focus on Online Litigation

Sat, 22 Jan 2022
Categories: China Legal Trends

On 24 Dec. 2021, the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress of China approved amendments to the PRC Civil Procedure Law (CPL). The new CPL came into effect on 1 Jan. 2022.

The CPL amendments mainly touch upon judicial confirmation procedures, small-amount litigation procedures, summary procedures, single-judge trials, online litigation, etc. The amendments add seven new articles, and revise 26 articles, and 13 of which are changed to be consistent with the expressions of the Civil Code.

The core of the new CPL is to improve the efficiency of litigation in order to alleviate the litigation explosion currently faced by Chinese courts.

Among others, the amendments focus on online litigation. For example, it stipulates that:

  1. civil proceeding activities conducted through online litigation shall have the same legal effect as civil proceeding activities conducted offline;
  2. subject to the consent by all parties concerned, civil proceedings can be conducted online through an information platform; and,
  3. subject to the consent of the person to be served, the people's court may serve the document by electronic means if it can confirm the receipt thereof by the person being served.



Cover Photo by Kenneth Yang on Unsplash

Contributors: CJO Staff Contributors Team

Save as PDF

Related laws on China Laws Portal

You might also like

SPC Publishes Typical Cases on Public Security Crimes

In April 2024, China's Supreme People's Court (SPC) released five typical cases illustrating crimes against public security, emphasizing clarifications on trial criteria and sentencing principles, featuring a case involving serious injuries from objects thrown off a high-rise building.

Beijing Court Upholds Workers' Right to Offline Rest

The Beijing No. 3 Intermediate People's Court ruled that workers are entitled to overtime pay for “invisible overtime work” conducted via social media outside of working hours, protecting their right to “offline rest”.

China Revises State Secrets Protection Law

China’s national legislature, the National People’s Congress, revised the State Secrets Protection Law to enhance information classification, secrecy in technological innovation, and precise protection of state secrets, effective May 1, 2024.