China published a landmark judicial policy on the enforcement of foreign judgments in 2022. This post addresses the rules on whether and how applicants may seek interim measures (conservatory measures) in cases of the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in China.
China has now undertaken moves to liberalize rules on recognizing and enforcing foreign judgments, so as to better adapt to the trend of market opening.
To date, foreign judgments rendered from the following jurisdictions can or are very likely to be recognized and enforced in China.
i. France, Italy, Spain, Russia, Vietnam, the UAE, Poland, Mongolia, Romania, Belarus, Ukraine, Cuba, Egypt, Bulgaria, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Morocco, Tunisia, Laos, Lithuania, North Korea, Kuwait, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Algeria, Bosnia, and Herzegovina: these countries have concluded bilateral treaties with China.
ii. The US, Germany, Singapore and South Korea: judgments rendered in these countries have already been recognized in China based on reciprocity.
iii. Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the British Virgin Islands, New Zealand, and perhaps, the UK (to be confirmed): these countries and regions have recognized Chinese judgments and are waiting for China to confirm the reciprocity in future cases.
Contributors of China Justice Observer (CJO)（Guodong Du, Meng Yu, Yahan Wang, Béligh Elbalti, etc.）maintain their focus on this field, and endeavor to share updates on the latest developments with the international community. In addition, Guodong Du and Meng Yu lead a team of attorneys from multiple Chinese law firms, providing legal services in recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments.
For legal services (and prices) in recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in China, please click here.
For the time and expenses in recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in China, please click here.
For the List of China’s cases on recognition of foreign judgments, please click here.
For the List of China's Bilateral Treaties on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (Enforcement of Foreign Judgments Included), please click here.