To enforce a foreign judgment in China, the average length of proceedings is 584 days, the court costs are no more than 1.35% of the amount in controversy or 500 CNY, and the attorney’s fees are, on average, 7.6% of the amount in controversy.
China has now undertaken moves to liberalize rules on recognizing and enforcing foreign judgments, so as to better adapt to the trend of market opening.
To date, foreign judgments rendered from the following jurisdictions can or are very likely to be recognized and enforced in China.
i. France, Italy, Spain, Russia, Vietnam, the UAE, Poland, Mongolia, Romania, Belarus, Ukraine, Cuba, Egypt, Bulgaria, Turkey, Kazakhstan, Cyprus, Greece, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Morocco, Tunisia, Laos, Lithuania, North Korea, Kuwait, Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Algeria, Bosnia, and Herzegovina: these countries have concluded bilateral treaties with China.
ii. The US, Germany, Singapore and South Korea: judgments rendered in these countries have already been recognized in China based on reciprocity.
iii. Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, the British Virgin Islands, and perhaps, the UK (to be confirmed): these countries and regions have recognized Chinese judgments and are waiting for China to confirm the reciprocity in future cases.
Contributors of China Justice Observer (CJO)（Guodong Du, Meng Yu, Yahan Wang, Béligh Elbalti, etc.）maintain their focus on this field, and endeavor to share updates on the latest developments with the international community. In addition, Guodong Du and Meng Yu lead a team of attorneys from multiple Chinese law firms, providing legal services in recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments.
For legal services (and prices) in recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in China, please click here.
For the time and expenses in recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments in China, please click here.
For the list of China’s cases on recognition of foreign judgments, please click here.