False testimonies of witnesses and false statements of the parties are very common in Chinese civil litigation, which generally undermines the trust of judges in what witnesses and the parties say.
Rules of Evidence in China
Perjury is very common in China's civil litigation, and yet it is difficult for judges to punish perjurers, which consequently affects the judges' way of thinking in the fact-finding.
In China’s civil litigation, judges attach the greatest importance to the documentary evidence. The role of witness testimony and physical evidence is almost negligible.