Is it true that only upon recognition by Chinese courts, can foreign judgments become admissible into evidence?
Rules of Evidence in China
"The burden of proof lies with the party asserting a proposition" (谁主张，谁举证) is a primary rule in the judicial proceedings. The application for evidence collection by the court can only serve as a complement to the presentation of evidence by the parties themselves, and it does not work all the time.
The results of polygraph tests are not admissible as evidence in criminal proceedings, but still remain controversial in civil litigation.
E-mail is an evidence form recognized by Chinese courts, but given its authenticity being easily challenged, the parties should take the right way to obtain and present evidence to ensure its effectiveness.
In China's judicial practice, recording is a common way of collecting evidence. If the private conversation recording without the permission of the other party satisfies certain conditions, the court may admit it as evidence.
False testimonies of witnesses and false statements of the parties are very common in Chinese civil litigation, which generally undermines the trust of judges in what witnesses and the parties say.
Perjury is very common in China's civil litigation, and yet it is difficult for judges to punish perjurers, which consequently affects the judges' way of thinking in the fact-finding.
In China’s civil litigation, judges attach the greatest importance to the documentary evidence. The role of witness testimony and physical evidence is almost negligible.