China’s Legal Profession: Judges and Lawyers
A total of 185 representative offices of foreign law firms in China had passed the 2019 annual examination, according to statistics disclosed by the Ministry of Justice in November 2020.
By the end of 2019, there were more than 473 thousand practicing lawyers in China, an increase of 11.8% over 2018. This is the 6th consecutive year that the Chinese lawyer profession has maintained rapid growth.
The judge quota system refers to the system for determining the number of judges in the court. In the judicial reform, the SPC attempts to rationally determine the number of judges in each court in a scientific way and then select the right candidate to serve as a judge.
The protection of the personal rights of Chinese judges is one of the most concerned issues for them. From an investigation report made by Longyan Intermediate People's Court of Fujian Province, we can learn that the personal rights of Chinese judges are often violated. Now, the SPC is working hard to solve this problem.
Improving the judicial accountability system, one of the most important measures in Chinese judicial reform, is supposed to hold judges accountable for life for cases they handle and to effectively discipline judges for misconduct. Prior to this, Chinese judges were never subject to such strict requirements.
In recent years, Chinese judges have become increasingly dissatisfied with their profession, and some have chosen to leave. Why？
The Ministry of Justice of China recently released a series of data on Chinese lawyers as of the end of 2017, including the number of lawyers, the number of lawsuits in which they acted as agents, and the number of clients they provided services for.
In modern China, there is an obvious increase in the number of female law students, lawyers and judges, which has surpassed the number of male professionals. Such an increase brings a unique feminization to China’s law profession.