In Chinese civil litigation, standards of proof can be categorized into two groups: most to-be-proved facts are subject to “preponderance of the evidence” standard, and some special to-be-proved facts subject to “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard.
Litigation in China
The answer lies in China's Supreme Court's "Provisions on Several Issues Concerning the Trial of Administrative Agreements Cases" (关于审理行政协议案件若干问题的规定).
China's Supreme Court Judge Gao Xiaoli (高晓力) gave a speech titled "Exploration and Innovation of the One-stop Diversified Settlement Mechanism of International Commercial Disputes of the Supreme People's Court" in November 2019.
The results of polygraph tests are not admissible as evidence in criminal proceedings, but still remain controversial in civil litigation.
E-mail is an evidence form recognized by Chinese courts, but given its authenticity being easily challenged, the parties should take the right way to obtain and present evidence to ensure its effectiveness.
China to Centralize Jurisdiction over International Cases, Starting from Hainan's Two Foreign-related Tribunals
Hainan's newly-established First and Second Foreign-related Civil and Commercial Tribunals marks China's first step towards a more centralized administration system on international cases.
How Do Mainland and Hong Kong Courts Realize Mutual Assistance in Interim Measures in Arbitral Proceedings?
Courts of Mainland China have accepted several applications from Hong Kong for interim reliefs in support of the arbitral proceedings since the 2019 Arrangement.
Interim Measures in Aid of Arbitral Proceedings: Mutual Assistance between Chinese Mainland and Hong Kong Courts
What can we expect from the 2019 Arrangement Concerning Mutual Assistance in Court-ordered Interim Measures in Aid of Arbitral Proceedings by the Courts of the Mainland and of Hong Kong?
Don't forget about the series of formality requirements, apart from pleadings and evidence, so as to get ready for the civil litigation in China.