In litigation, the party may encounter a dilemma: how to use the key evidence contains confidential information that is better not known by the other party. Is it possible to keep such information confidential in litigation and to what extent can such information be kept confidential?
Guide to China's Civil Evidence Rules
Timestamp and blockchain are being applied in Chinese courts to improve the efficiency of evidence examination and reduce the cost of presenting evidence.
The expert opinion is professional opinions provided by a neutral judicial expertise institution to the court on some factual issues of a case. As a type of statutory evidence, it plays an important role in China's civil litigation.
Though China's evidence presentation order system differs from the evidence discovery and disclosure in some ways, for those who wish to obtain the key evidence controlled by the other party, it is worth to have a try.
A Chinese court can investigate, collect, and preserve the evidence ex officio or upon the application of the parties, when the evidence may be destroyed or difficult to be collected in the future.
"The burden of proof lies with the party asserting a proposition" (谁主张，谁举证) is a primary rule in the judicial proceedings. The application for evidence collection by the court can only serve as a complement to the presentation of evidence by the parties themselves, and it does not work all the time.