When the tribunal is uncertain about an ongoing case due to its complexity, it may request other judges within the court to hold a meeting, i.e. the Judges' Meeting, to discuss the case and provide suggestions therefor.
The adjudication committee behind the trial court is most likely to have the final say of your lawsuit in Chinese courts. At present, the judicial reform in China is trying to adjust its extensive power.
A judge and a law clerk walk on a small path in the Chinese countryside while leading a horse behind them, with all the materials and tools for trial and the national emblem on its back.
For a long time, Chinese courts have assigned cases to judges by their own dedicated personnel. Now, Chinese courts are trying to replace the traditional practice with a random case assignment mechanism.
China’s Supreme People's Court (SPC) is prompting judges to explain their reasons as carefully as possible in judgment writing.
Chinese courts have developed a performance appraisal system to measure judges’ performance. If you want to establish reasonable expectations about how Chinese judges hear cases, the role of this system should not be overlooked.
The most important difference between litigation and arbitration in China is that judges and arbitrators have different ways of thinking.