China Justice Observer

中国司法观察

List of China's Bilateral Treaties on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (Enforcement of Foreign Judgments Included)

Thu, 21 May 2020
Categories: Insights
Contributors: Meng Yu 余萌
Editor: C. J. Observer

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Full texts of China’s bilateral treaties on recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments and other judicial assistance matters are now available. The information below comes from the website of the PRC Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

To date, China and 39 States have concluded bilateral judicial assistance treaties, among which 35 bilateral treaties include the judgment enforcement clauses.

(For the List of China’s Cases on Recognition of Foreign Judgments, please click here.)

1. Algeria

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Democratic People’s Republic of Algeria on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和阿尔及利亚民主人民共和国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 16 June 2012; China’s Signature: 10 Jan. 2010

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1535420380883 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535957857249.pdf 

Text in Arabic (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535957869702.pdf 

2. Argentine

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Argentine Republic on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和阿根廷共和国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 9 Oct. 2011; China’s Signature: 9 Apr. 2001

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876830703   

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876830715.pdf 

3. Belarus

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Belarus on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和白俄罗斯共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 29 Nov. 1993; China’s Signature: 11 Jan. 1993

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876691738 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876691749.pdf 

4. Belgium

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Kingdom of Belgium on Judicial Assistance in Civil Matters (中华人民共和国和比利时王国关于民事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: NO

Entry into force: Not yet; China’s Signature: 20 Nov. 1987

Note: N/A

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://www.npc.gov.cn/wxzl/gongbao/2000-12/26/content_5002167.htm 

5. Bosnia and Herzegovina

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and Bosnia and Herzegovina on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 12 Oct. 2014; China’s Signature: 18 Dec. 2012

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531877006827 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531877006839.pdf 

6. Brazil

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Federative Republic of Brazil on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和巴西联邦共和国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 16 Aug. 2014; China’s Signature: 19 May 2009

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1535420488848 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535958017166.pdf 

Text in Portuguese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535958030895.pdf 

Text in English (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535958045476.pdf 

7. Bulgaria

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Bulgaria on Judicial Assistance in Civil Matters (中华人民共和国和保加利亚共和国关于民事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 30 June 1995; China’s Signature: 2 June 1993

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876700383 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876700396.pdf 

8. Cuba

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Cuba on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和古巴共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 26 Mar. 1994; China’s Signature: 24 Nov. 1992

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876680501 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876680513.pdf 

9. Cyprus

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Cyprus on Judicial Assistance in Civil, Commercial and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和塞浦路斯共和国关于民事、商事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 11 Jan. 1996; China’s Signature: 25 Apr. 1995

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876730082 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876730094.pdf 

10. Egypt

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Arab Republic of Egypt on Judicial Assistance in Civil, Commercial and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和阿拉伯埃及共和国关于民事、商事和刑事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 31 May 1995; China’s Signature: 21 Apr. 1994

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876711002 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876711014.pdf 

11. Ethiopia

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和埃塞俄比亚联邦民主共和国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 3 Jan. 2018; China’s Signature: 4 May 2014

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1535420588872 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535957911543.pdf 

Text in Amharic (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535957927585.pdf 

Text in English (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535957937277.pdf 

12. France

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the French Republic on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和法兰西共和国关于民事、商事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 8 Feb. 1988; China’s Signature: 4 May 1987

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876617530 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876617542.pdf 

13. Greece

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Hellenic Republic on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和希腊共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 29 June 1996; China’s Signature: 17 Oct. 1994

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876717830 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876717842.pdf 

14. Bulgaria

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Bulgaria on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和匈牙利共和国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 21 Mar. 1997; China’s Signature: 9 Oct. 1995

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876735271 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876735283.pdf 

15. Iran

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Islamic Republic of Iran on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和伊朗伊斯兰共和国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: Not yet; China’s Signature: 23 Jan. 2016

Note: N/A

16. Italy

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Italian Republic on Judicial Assistance in Civil Matters (中华人民共和国和意大利共和国关于民事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 1 Jan. 1995; China’s Signature: 20 May 1991

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876660241 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876660252.pdf 

17. Kazakhstan

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Kazakhstan on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和哈萨克斯坦共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 11 July 1995; China’s Signature: 14 Jan. 1993

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876688779 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876688792.pdf 

18. Kuwait

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the State of Kuwait on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和科威特国关于民事和商事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 6 June 2013; China’s Signature: 18 June 2007

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1535420269814 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535959050561.pdf 

Text in Arabic (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535959069196.pdf 

Text in English (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180903/1535959086937.pdf 

19. Kyrgyzstan

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Kyrgyz Republic on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和吉尔吉斯共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 26 Sept. 1997; China’s Signature: 4 July 1996

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876747433 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876747445.pdf 

20. Laos

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Lao People's Democratic Republic on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和老挝人民民主共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 15 Dec. 2001; China’s Signature: 25 Jan. 1999

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876794036 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876794047.pdf 

21. Lithuania

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Lithuania on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和立陶宛共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 19 Jan. 2002; China’s Signature: 20 Mar. 2000

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876815440 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876815453.pdf 

22. Mongolia

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Mongolian People's Republic on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和蒙古人民共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 29 Oct. 1990; China’s Signature: 31 Aug. 1989

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876638717 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876638729.pdf 

23. Morocco

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Kingdom of Morocco on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和摩洛哥王国关于民事和商事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 26 Nov. 1999; China’s Signature: 16 Apr. 1996

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876755492 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876755503.pdf 

24. North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和朝鲜民主主义人民共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 21 Jan. 2006; China’s Signature: 19 Nov. 2003

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876855012 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876855024.pdf 

25. Peru

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Peru on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和秘鲁共和国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 25 May 2012; China’s Signature: 19 Mar. 2008

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876943359 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876943372.pdf 

26. Poland

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Poland on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和波兰人民共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 13 Feb. 1988; China’s Signature: 5 June 1989

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876617321 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876617333.pdf 

27. Romania

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and Romania on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和罗马尼亚关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 22 Jan. 1993; China’s Signature: 16 Jan. 1991

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876659422 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876659434.pdf 

28. Russia

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Russian Federation on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和俄罗斯联邦关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 14 Nov. 1993; China’s Signature: 19 June 1992

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876678831 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876678843.pdf 

29. Singapore

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Singapore on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和新加坡共和国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: NO

Entry into force: 27 June 1999; China’s Signature: 28 Apr. 1997

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876766055 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876766067.pdf 

30. South Korea (Republic of Korea)

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Korea on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和大韩民国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: NO

Entry into force: 27 Apr. 2005; China’s Signature: 7 July 2003

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876854273 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876854284.pdf 

31. Spain

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Kingdom of Spain on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和西班牙王国关于民事、商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 1 Jan. 1994; China’s Signature: 2 May 1992

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876678126 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876678138.pdf 

32. Tajikistan

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Tajikistan on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和塔吉克斯坦共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 2 Sept. 1998; China’s Signature: 16 Sept. 1996

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876748876 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876748889.pdf 

33. Thailand

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Kingdom of Thailand on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters and on Cooperation in Arbitration (中华人民共和国和泰王国关于民商事司法协助和仲裁合作的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: NO

Entry into force: 6 July 1997; China’s Signature: 16 Mar. 1994

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876708472 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876708484.pdf 

34. Tunisia

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Tunisia on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和突尼斯共和国关于民事和商事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 20 July 2000; China’s Signature: 4 May 1999

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876800291 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876800303.pdf 

35. Turkey

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Turkey on Judicial Assistance in Civil, Commercial and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和土耳其共和国关于民事、商事和刑事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 26 Oct. 1995; China’s Signature: 28 Sept. 1992

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876664381 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876664392.pdf 

36. United Arab Emirates

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the United Arab Emirates on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Commercial Matters (中华人民共和国和阿拉伯联合酋长国关于民事和商事司法协助的协定)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 12 Apr. 2005; China’s Signature: 21 Apr. 2004

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876863419 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876863431.pdf 

37. Ukraine

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and Ukraine on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和乌克兰关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 19 Jan. 1994; China’s Signature: 31 Oct. 1992

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876677102 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876677114.pdf 

38. Uzbekistan

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of Uzbekistan on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和乌兹别克斯坦共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 29 Aug. 1998; China’s Signature: 11 Dec. 1997

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876764140 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876764151.pdf 

39. Viet Nam

Treaty Between the People’s Republic of China and the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters (中华人民共和国和越南社会主义共和国关于民事和刑事司法协助的条约)

Inclusion of Judgment Recognition and Enforcement Clauses: YES

Entry into force: 25 Dec. 1999; China’s Signature: 19 Oct. 1998

Note: http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/Treaty/web/detail1.jsp?objid=1531876784509 

Text in Chinese (PDF): http://treaty.mfa.gov.cn/tykfiles/20180718/1531876784522.pdf 

 

 

Cover Photo by PublicDomainPictures (https://pixabay.com/zh/users/publicdomainpictures-14/) on Pixabay

 

Contributors: Meng Yu 余萌

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