As long as the Chinese court has jurisdiction over the case in question, foreigners or foreign enterprises, like any other Chinese litigant, can file a lawsuit with Chinese courts.
For most cases, the Chinese court where the defendant is located has jurisdiction over the case in question.
In addition to the court where the defendant is located, other relevant Chinese courts may also have jurisdiction, depending on the type of case.
But anyway, as long as the defendant you are going to sue is in China, you can file a lawsuit with Chinese courts.
The Cross-border Trade Dispute 101 Series (‘CTD 101 Series’) provides an introduction to China-related cross-border trade dispute, and covers the knowledge essential to cross-border trade dispute resolution.
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Contributors: Meng Yu 余萌