China Justice Observer


EnglishArabicChinese (Simplified)DutchFrenchGermanHindiItalianJapaneseKoreanPortugueseRussianSpanishSwedishHebrewIndonesianVietnameseThaiTurkishMalay

Find China Supplier’s Legal Name in Chinese to Avoid Scams - CTD 101 Series

Tue, 07 Dec 2021
Contributors: Meng Yu 余萌


If you find a China supplier’s legal name in Chinese, you can initiate an action before a court or file a complaint against it. If not, you cannot do anything.

Original Link: Find China Supplier’s Legal Name in Chinese to Avoid Scams

All Chinese individuals and enterprises have their legal names in Chinese, and they have no legal or standard names in foreign languages.

In other words, their English names or names in other languages are named by themselves randomly. Usually, it’s hard to back-translate their weird foreign names to their legal Chinese names.

If you don’t know their legal names in Chinese, then you won’t be able to tell the Chinese court whom you are suing. You also cannot tell the Chinese law enforcement agency whom you want to complain of.

Consequently, Chinese courts or government agencies will very likely not accept your case.

So, how could you obtain a China supplier’s legal name in Chinese?

1. You can ask a China supplier to provide its business license.

There are a legal name in Chinese and a unified credit code in its business license

2. You can ask a Chinese supplier to seal the contract with you.

To make a contract valid in China, Chinese companies must seal it. The official seal contains a legal name in Chinese and a unified credit code of the company.

You can check whether your supplier’s legal name in Chinese on the business license is consistent with that on the official seal. Because a scammer may get a scanned version of the business license of another company, although it is difficult for him to get another company’s seal.

Now that you have the China supplier’s legal name in Chinese, what can you do?

1. Find out the company address.

We can figure out its registered address.
Larger Chinese companies generally operate at their registered address, whereas many small companies would not. It means that there is a possibility to find out where the company is.

In this way, on the one hand, we can have the opportunity to check the company on the spot; on the other hand, we can also provide the court with the address for serving the summon in the event of a lawsuit. (See Where is the person I sue?)

2. Find out its operating situation.

We can check whether it is existing, deregistered, or revoked, or whether it is listed as a company with abnormal operations by the government. We can also know if it is involved in a lawsuit or an administrative penalty.

If this company operates abnormally or gets into too much trouble, it usually has difficulty performing the contract with you.

3. Find out its condition of assets.

We have no way to investigate the China supplier’s real estate and deposits in the bank, as this information belongs to commercial secrets or private information in China.

But the information of its registered capital and intellectual property rights is available, which reflects its assets situation to some extent. Especially for Chinese factories, only with a certain scale can they develop intellectual property rights.

We can make a judgment on its fulfilling capacity from these assets.

4. Find its shareholders and executives.

We can find shareholders, directors, supervisors, managers, and legal representatives of the China supplier, as well as their affiliated companies. If these people and the affiliates are strong, the supplier is usually not weak.

Besides, when it becomes insolvent, we can hold its shareholders and executives liable under special circumstances.

5. Find its social media account and website.

In China, social media accounts and websites are registered with real names. So if it leaves a trail on the Internet, we can find it and build a portrait from what it has posted.



The Cross-border Trade Dispute 101 Series (‘CTD 101 Series’) provides an introduction to China-related cross-border trade dispute, and covers the knowledge essential to cross-border trade dispute resolution and debt collection.


* * *

Do you need support in cross-border trade and debt collection?

CJO Global's team can provide you with China-related cross-border trade risk management and debt collection services, including: 
(1) Trade Dispute Resolution
(2) Debt Collection
(3) Judgments and Awards Collection
(4) Anti-Counterfeiting & IP Protection
(5) Company Verification and Due Diligence
(6) Trade Contract Drafting and Review

If you need our services, or if you wish to share your story, you can contact our Client Manager Susan Li (

If you want to know more about CJO Global, please click here.

If you want to know more about CJO Global services, please click here.

If you wish to read more CJO Global posts, please click here.


Photo by Joshua Fernandez on Unsplash

Contributors: Meng Yu 余萌

Save as PDF

You might also like

China Revises State Secrets Protection Law

China’s national legislature, the National People’s Congress, revised the State Secrets Protection Law to enhance information classification, secrecy in technological innovation, and precise protection of state secrets, effective May 1, 2024.

China Enhances Legal Aid Law Implementation

In November 2023, China’s Supreme People’s Court and other top judicial bodies jointly issued measures to implement the Legal Aid Law, clarifying responsibilities and ensuring parties' rights to legal aid.