Chinese voters have the right to directly elect deputies to the people’s congress at the lowest level.
The people’s congress at a specific level shall elect deputies to the people’s congress at the next higher level. As the people’s congress at the highest level, the National People’s Congress (NPC) elects the President of the State.
The people’s congress at each level, in addition to electing deputies to the people’s congress at the next higher level, is empowered to elect the heads of the government at the corresponding level.
Citizens who have reached the age of 18 shall have the right to vote and the right to stand for election, except those who have been deprived of their political rights in accordance with law.
For more about China's election, please see How Do Elections in China Work?
Constitution (2018): Articles 62, 97, 101, and 105;
Election Law for the National People’s Congress and Local People’s Congresses at All Levels (2020): Articles 3, and 4
Contributors: CJO Staff Contributors Team