Timestamp and blockchain are being applied in Chinese courts to improve the efficiency of evidence examination and reduce the cost of presenting evidence.
Rules of Evidence in China
The expert opinion is professional opinions provided by a neutral judicial expertise institution to the court on some factual issues of a case. As a type of statutory evidence, it plays an important role in China's civil litigation.
Evidence Discovery and Disclosure in China? A Look Into Evidence Presentation Order - Guide to China's Civil Evidence Rules (3)
Though China's evidence presentation order system differs from the evidence discovery and disclosure in some ways, for those who wish to obtain the key evidence controlled by the other party, it is worth to have a try.
Acting as a Chinese judge's assistant in intellectual property cases, the technical examination officer helps the court to understand professional and technical issues.
A Chinese court can investigate, collect, and preserve the evidence ex officio or upon the application of the parties, when the evidence may be destroyed or difficult to be collected in the future.
Is it true that only upon recognition by Chinese courts, can foreign judgments become admissible into evidence?
"The burden of proof lies with the party asserting a proposition" (谁主张，谁举证) is a primary rule in the judicial proceedings. The application for evidence collection by the court can only serve as a complement to the presentation of evidence by the parties themselves, and it does not work all the time.
The results of polygraph tests are not admissible as evidence in criminal proceedings, but still remain controversial in civil litigation.
E-mail is an evidence form recognized by Chinese courts, but given its authenticity being easily challenged, the parties should take the right way to obtain and present evidence to ensure its effectiveness.
In China's judicial practice, recording is a common way of collecting evidence. If the private conversation recording without the permission of the other party satisfies certain conditions, the court may admit it as evidence.