China Justice Observer


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Are There Courts in China? - China Law in One Minute



Yes, China has courts. 

According to the Organization Law of the People's Courts, courts are the judicial organs of the country.

The court achieves the following goals through adjudication of cases: to punish crimes, to protect innocent people from criminal investigation, to resolve civil and administrative disputes, to protect the legitimate rights and interests of individuals and organizations, to supervise the exercise of power by administrative organs in accordance with the law, to maintain national security and social order, and to maintain social fairness and justice, to safeguard the unity, dignity, and authority of the country’s legal system, and to guarantee the smooth progress of socialism with Chinese characteristics.

The law also stipulates that the people’s courts exercise judicial power independently in accordance with the law, and are not subject to interference by administrative organs, social organizations, and individuals.

According to incomplete statistics, nowadays there are approximately 3,581 courts in mainland China (excluding Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan), including about 32 high people’s courts, 409 intermediate people’s courts, and 3,140 primary people’s courts.


For more about China's Judiciary System, please click here

For more about China's Government Structure, please click here.



Articles 2 and 4 of the Organization Law of the People's Court.

Contributors: CJO Staff Contributors Team

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