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How Many Political Parties Are There in China? - China Law in One Minute



China has nine political parties, including the Communist Party of China and eight other parties, the latter known as “the eight democratic parties”(八大民主党派).

The Constitution prescribes China’s political party system as a system of multi-party cooperation, i.e. the system of multi-party cooperation and political consultation led by the Communist Party of China.

China’s system of multi-party cooperation includes the Communist Party of China and the eight democratic parties. The eight democratic parties are respectively the Revolutionary Committee of the Chinese Kuomintang (中国国民党革命委员会), the China Democratic League (中国民主同盟), the China Democratic National Construction Association (中国民主建国会), the China Association for the Promoting Democracy (中国民主促进会), Chinese Peasants’ and Workers’ Democratic Party (中国农工民主党), the China Zhigong Party (中国致公党), the Jiusan Society (九三学社) and the Taiwan Democratic Self-Government League (台湾民主自治同盟).

The Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference is an important institution of multi-party cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.



[1] The Preamble of the PRC Constitution(2018)

[2] Introduction to the Eight Democratic Parties posted on the Chinese government website.

Contributors: CJO Staff Contributors Team

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